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Geography at Key Stage 2

In geography lessons in KS2, children are taught to:

  • Locate the world's countries, looking at key physical and human characteristics.
  • Locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom and look at hills, mountains, coasts and rivers and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.
  • Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones.
  • Compare the physical and human geography of the UK, a European country and a region within North or South America.
  • Understand physical geography including climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle.
  • Understand human geography including types of settlement and land use, economic activity and distribution of food, minerals and water.
  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries.
  • Use the eight points of a compass, four- and six-figure grid references, symbols and key.
  • Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area.

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