In geography lessons in KS2, children are taught to:
- Locate the world's countries, looking at key physical and human characteristics.
- Locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom and look at hills, mountains, coasts and rivers and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.
- Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones.
- Compare the physical and human geography of the UK, a European country and a region within North or South America.
- Understand physical geography including climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle.
- Understand human geography including types of settlement and land use, economic activity and distribution of food, minerals and water.
- Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries.
- Use the eight points of a compass, four- and six-figure grid references, symbols and key.
- Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area.